Duc Duc Mausoleum - Tomb of the Shortest Regime of Nguyen's Kings
The Duc Duc tomb, named after An Lang, is a relic in the ancient ruins of Hue, where is the burial place of King Duc Duc, the fifth king of the Nguyen Dynasty. The mausoleum is located in Tay Nhat village, An Cuu village, formerly belonging to Huong Thuy district, now in An Cuu ward, Hue city, less than 2 km from the city center.
The concept of the Duc Duc tomb is currently used to refer to the entire architectural complex located in an area of nearly 6 hectares, including the Emperor Duc Duc tomb, the queen and 42 tombs of the royal princes and the tombs. of the people of the Quartet sect of Nguyễn Phước clan (the sect of Emperor Đức Đức).
An Lang is located in the central area, an area of about 1ha. The tomb consists of 2 areas: the tomb area and the worshiping area are placed parallel to each other. Both areas have walled walls. The mausoleum faces the northwest, taking Phuoc Qua hill as a criminal record, the Tam Thai mountain behind it as a post-occipital and the stream flows around in front to clear the waterway.
After the death of Emperor Tu Duc (1847 - 1883), the Nguyen Dynasty's throne was succeeded by three kings, Duc Duc (1883), Hiep Hoa (1883) and Kien Phuc (1883 - 1884). months, historically called "Four Periods Three Kingdoms", then continue to be transferred to 4 more kings in a short time period is Ham Nghi (1884 - 1885), Dong Khanh (1885 - 1889), Thanh Thai (1889 - 1907). ) and Duy Tan (1907 - 1916).
Emperor Duc Duc, whose real name is Nguyen Phuc Ung Ai, was born in 1852, when he was 2 years old, and was chosen to be adopted by Emperor Tu Duc and made Duc Duc Duong in the imperial city. At 17, he was renamed Ung Chan. When King Tu Duc passed away, the 32-year-old eldest son ascended the throne, but after only 3 days he was deposed (July 23, 1883) and placed under house arrest at the Institute of Medicine, eventually starving in the Thua Thien prison. after 7 days without eating and drinking (6-10-1883); leaving 8 wives, 11 sons and 8 daughters. Temporarily buried tomb in Phuoc Qua islet, near Tuong Quang pagoda. A few days later, the court allowed his wife, Mrs. Tu Minh, to visit the tomb and perform a funeral at Tuong Quang Temple. The son of Emperor Duc Duc, Nguyen Phuc Buu Lan, was crowned king in 1889, with the title Thanh Thai. After ascending the throne, Thanh Thai immediately built a tomb of a proper king and named it An Lang. The place of worship is Tuong Quang pagoda 200 meters away. In 1891, the Imperial Court of Thanh Thai built a temple in Thuan Cat Ward, near the Imperial Citadel to worship Duc Duc King, named Tan Mieu (In 1897, the name was changed to Cung Ton Mieu). In 1892, Mrs. Tu Minh Hoang Thai Hau - King Thanh Thai's mother made money to cast a statue of Buddha and expanded the rising house of Tuong Quang pagoda, the next year Thanh Thai king changed the name to Kim Quang pagoda and gave the pagoda a diaphragm. 5 words "Sac Tu Kim Quang Tu".
In July of the 11th Thanh Thai year (August 8, 1999), the king allowed to build Long An palace near the tomb of Emperor Duc Duc to worship his father. In this campus, a number of dependent houses such as Ta, Huu muong and Ta Huu were built for the 7 wives of King Duc Duc to live in order to take care of the smoke and worship. In 1906, Mrs. Tu Minh died, the court re-planned the area of Emperor Duc Duc's tomb, made a double tomb area, built her tomb near his tomb in the style of "burial", "needed to be virtuous." In late 1945, shortly after Duy Tan died in a plane crash in Africa, a memorial service for the king was held at Long An Palace and worshiped the king here. In 1954, when King Thanh Thai died, the body was buried at the current place in An Lang area and worshiped at the Long An temple. In 1987, King Duy Tan's remains were buried and buried next to Thanh Thai tomb. Near the two sides of the tomb of Thanh Thai and Duy Tan, there are tombs of 3 Thanh Thai kings' wives. And in 1994, the remains of Mrs. Mai Thi Vang (died in 1980), the wife of King Duy Tan was buried near the tomb of King Duy Tan.
In addition, in the current Duc Duc tomb area, there are 39 tombs of the royal princes and 121 earth tombs of the Fourth Right Relations.
According to the old locality, Duc Duc tomb occupies an area of 56,144m2, including about 20 large and small architectural works; divided into two areas: tombs and impregnated, located more than 50m apart. Both architectural areas are built into enclosures. Mausoleum faces northwest, using a low hill, often called Phuoc Qua as a criminal record; take the horizontal flow in front of you as an "intelligent road" and use the mountain Tam Thai in the back as "post occipital".
Go to the tomb area - an area of 3,445m2 by a fairly large three-door gate made of bricks, on which is a fake roof. Behind the door is Bai Dinh, with no stone statues like other tombs, but only a handrail made of lime bricks for decoration. The center of the tomb is right behind the second gate of the second gate, with Huynh Oc house built on a square base of 8m each. The house is built as a communal house with the ancient form, roof tiles of Hoang Luu Ly. The edge of the ridge is shaped like a dragon and a dragon, and the interior is simply decorated.
The buildings are located in an impregnated area with an area of 6,245m2. The main building is Long An Palace, a double building made in the style of Hue palace, with 6 sets of roof rafters in the 5 previous houses structured in the style of "fake fake husband", decorated with very delicate tiger face. . This is a wooden architectural work of artistic value in the system of architectural buildings of the Nguyen court in Hue.
Architcture of Duc Duc Tomb:
The tomb area has an area of nearly 3,500m², forming a circumference of 136m, 3.7m high and 0.5m thick. On the front is a porch with a brick roof, on which there are 2 fake roof tiles (previously there were 2 side doors but were blocked). Behind the door is Bai Dinh courtyard, tiled. There are no stone statues on either side of the yard as in the tombs of other kings. Next is a massive three-storey three-door gate, shaped like the Truong An gate in the Truong Sanh palace in the Imperial Citadel. This is the main door of the second wall ring, circumference of 142m, height of 2m and thickness of 0.5m. Inside, there is a third ring, 106m in circumference, 1.5m high, 0.4m thick, covering the tomb of the king, the queen and the house of Huynh oc. In a central position within the third wall is the house of Huynh Con following the communal style, the roof of yellow roof tile, placed on a square pedestal, each side is 7m long. In the house, there are shrines, the altar is made of stone used to ceiling worship items.
On both sides of this house are two graves of King Duc Duc and Queen Tu Minh lying symmetrically on each other. Tombs are built of Thanh stone, in the style of 5 overlapping rectangular blocks, total tomb height is 0.85m. In front of the 2 graves, there is a screen covered with the words Tho and Song Hy. Outside the tomb area, on both sides are two pillars of brick construction, on the lotus-shaped cover, further away there are forbidden pillars to limit the tomb area.
- Temple Area:
The impregnated area is about 50m from the tomb area, the area is 6,245m², with a circumference of 260m, 2.3m high and 0.5m thick. On all four sides of the citadel, there is a door, the back door is connected with a round wall of a trapezoidal square that limits the accommodation of concubines and servants.
The main front gate follows the three-way entrance, on the four floors of fake cement roof tile roof, the body divided into many drawers for decoration. The side and back gates are made of arched entrance, with 2 floors of fake roof tiles.
Behind the main gate is the screen, then the Bat Trang tiled courtyard. The center of the worshiping area is Long An Palace, a duplex building with a scallop snail set on a 24.2m x 22.2m floor. The main hall consists of 3 compartments with 2 dual wings, the electricity includes 5 compartments and 2 wings with single roof with yellow li tile. In the palace, there are 3 worshiping visits: between the worshiping of Duc Duc king and Mrs. Tu Minh Hue Queen, the examination on the left of the worship of Thanh Thai king, the examination on the right of the worship of Duy Tan king.
On the two sides of Long An Palace, there is a Ta - Huu (left -right buidlings) in the front, and Ta - Huu (left -right buidlings) on the back to connect to the bridge via the main temple. Outside the city walls were the duty watch house, watchmen and the residence of the military guard.
Discover 7 Hue Royal Tombs of the Nguyen Emperors:
- Tomb of Emperor Gia Long
- Tomb of Emperor Minh Mang
- Tomb of Emperor Thieu Tri
- Tomb of Emperor Tu Duc
- Tomb of Emperor Duc Duc
- Tomb of Emperor Dong Khanh
- Tomb of Emperor Khai Dinh
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